What is a neurone?

Neurones are specialised cells, connected in their millions to form the nervous system which transmits information around the body.

They each consist of a cell body (the 'control centre' of the cell), dendrites (branching fibres that send messages to the cell body), and an axon (the nerve transmission fibre surrounded by a myelin sheath, and in the case of peripheral nerves by neurilemma) which leads to the axon terminals where impulses are transmitted from one neurone to another.

The anatomy of a neurone

The anatomy of a neurone

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Resources :

In this section we've added a few alternative study aids to help you along.